Home Pastors Pastor Blogs Water Flames (The Four Holy Gospels, Part 5)

Water Flames (The Four Holy Gospels, Part 5)

by Makoto Fujimura

I am a “Ground Zero” resident. My loft is three blocks from where the towers used to stand (see my essay “Fallen Towers and the Art of Tea”).

Ground Zero Art

After 9/11, I began working on a series called “Water Flames” based on poems by T. S. Eliot and Dante. When monochromatic layers are executed well on Kumohada (i.e. hand-lifted Japanese paper), the paper’s buckling produces patterns akin to flames. Paradoxically, water-based pigments create flame-like patterns. In this series, as I began defining forms, I looked for particular patterns that the paper makes.

As I daily faced Ground Zero, I needed to use my imaginative capacity to turn the dark forces bringing destruction in my backyard into a vision for the future, where even fires of destruction can be a theme for generative creativity. Even the artists of the past, e.g. Eliot, Dante, Fra Angelico, and van Gogh faced the encroaching darkness of their lives.

Art Like Jazz

This “listening process” of painting is very similar to improvisational jazz. The first note dictates how the entire ensemble responds. Similarly, as the paper expands with water, I am “listening” to the changing reality, as the surface informs me of my next steps. Every Kumohada paper is different, and the environmental factors, i.e. the moisture level, weather patterns, and the location of where the paintings are created, become part of the “visual memory” built up in the paintings. This particular painting is also an homage to a 20th century master Mark Rothko, whose works influenced me early on. 

Sanctifying Flames

For the gospel according to Mark frontispiece, I am using the visual language developed for the “Water Flames” series to depict flames of sanctification. In Mark, often the violent imagery of the judgment is accompanied by the process of the judgment flames becoming, for the followers of Christ, flames of sanctification. For example, John the Baptist is beheaded, disciples cast out demons, and even Jesus’ words seem (to our modern ears) harsh and condemning: “And if your foot causes you to sin, cut it off.  It is better for you to enter life lame than with two feet to be thrown into hell.” (Mark 9:45).

Christ in the Flames

Yet, behind these hard sayings, the Son of Man walks into the flames of judgment reserved for us. Jesus turns the judgment flames into sanctifying flames, where we are purified, like the gold pigments used for this painting, as the heat takes out the dross.


The Four Holy Gospels (Crossway) is for sale at our online store.

Makoto Fujimura is an artist, writer, and founder of International Arts Movement. He has had over 100 exhibits worldwide, and from 2003-2009 was Presidentially appointed to the National Council on the Arts. An ordained elder (on sabbatical) at Redeemer Presbyterian Church, Mako and his wife, Judy, raised their three children in lower Manhattan.