The Gospel In The Old Testament

Old Testament

Have you ever walked in on someone midway through telling a story? Certain details that are pertinent to understanding the point of the story are missed. Paul Harvey made a career telling “the rest of the story” to his radio listeners. In 1976, Harvey provided hearers with forgotten insights or little known facts on a variety of topics with one key element, usually the name of an individual, kept to the end of the broadcast. He always concluded with the words, “And now you know the rest of the story.” Most Christians read the Bible in a similar way, spending time in the New Testament at the expense of the Old Testament. By only reading a quarter of the book, we miss the “rest of the story.” We can’t truly appreciate the New Testament without an understanding of the Old Testament.

Our preoccupation with part of the Bible—and our neglect of the other part—is brought to light in our gospel presentations. The history of the nation of Israel is all but removed from our evangelistic conversations. By doing this, we eliminate three-fourths of our modern Bibles. I have been guilty in years past of this oversight as well.

At one time, my gospel presentations started with creation in Genesis 1, moved to the fall in Genesis 3, and made a beeline to the New Testament with the birth of Christ. But what about the punishment for sins running rampant among mankind in Noah’s day in Genesis 7, the expulsion of the nations for building a tower in Babylon to be like God, the call of and covenant with Abraham to make him the father of the nation of Israel (this is God’s response to Adam’s sin), the messiah-like figure Moses whom God used to liberate the people from the bondage of Egypt, the giving of the law and festivals as a foreshadowing of the Messiah (what Moses was incapable of doing by bringing the people into the promised land, the Messiah will do), Joshua’s campaign to claim the promised land, the building of the Temple as a reminder of God’s promise to dwell among His people, the Babylonian captivity as judgment for the rebellion of the nations, the prophets who warned and encouraged the people to turn back to God, and the silence after Malachi for 400 years setting the stage for John the Baptist crying in the wilderness as the Elijah-like figure promised from the days of old? If none of this is pertinent for salvation, why devote three-fourths of the Bible to recording its history?

I’m not suggesting that every gospel presentation must walk the hearer through the entire meta-narrative of Scripture, for many times we only have a short time to explain the gospel. However, we should understand how God brought His people out of captivity so He could be with them. Biblical scholars B.T. Arnold and B.E. Beyer wrote, “The purpose for the exodus from Egypt was so God could dwell in the midst of His people. The coming of God’s glorious presence into the newly constructed tabernacle forms the climax of the book of Exodus (40:34).”14 By glossing over the Old Testament, we miss the picture of how God redeems in order to rule and reign over His people.

When we explore a biblical concept, it is standard practice to examine the first instance of the concept you are studying. Where are biblical readers first introduced to God reigning as a king? You may think of the dynasty of King David or his son Solomon. Others may call to mind the rebuilding of the Temple in Nehemiah’s day. Neither of these answers are correct. The kingdom of God is not a locale we enter into, but rather God working among His people. In reality, the first mention of God’s kingdom in the Bible is in the context of the exodus from Egypt. The people have just been set free from captivity through God’s miraculous works.

God directed Moses to approach Pharaoh with a request to let His people go. Over the course of 10 plagues, God displays His power over the gods and goddesses of Egypt:

The plague of blood defeated Khnum, the River god of the Nile.

The plague of frogs defeated Heket, the frog goddess of Egypt.

The plague of lice defeated Aker, the earth god of Egypt.

The plague of flies defeated Khepri, the fly god of Egypt.

The plague on the cattle defeated Hathor/Ptah, the Egyptian goddesses associated with bulls and cows.

The plague of boils defeated Imhotep, the healing god of Egypt.

The plague of hail defeated Nut, the Egyptian sky god.

The plague of locusts defeated Renenutet, the field god of the harvest.

The plague of darkness defeated Ra, the Egyptian sun god.

The tenth plague was the most devastating attack of the previous ones, for it went after Pharaoh himself by killing his firstborn son. It was also a foreshadowing of the death of God’s firstborn son centuries later.15

God, Himself, was showing He reigns supreme over any false god who would try to usurp Him.

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RobbyGallaty@churchleaders.com'
Robby Gallaty (Ph.D.) is the Senior Pastor of Long Hollow Baptist Church in Hendersonville, TN, and the Founder of Replicate Ministries. He is the author of Creating an Atmosphere to Hear God Speak, Unashamed: Taking a Radical Stand for Christ, Growing Up: How to Be a Disciple Who Makes Disciples, Firmly Planted, Foundations, and Rediscovering Discipleship.

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